Anatomy, Histology and Embryology for the MD Master's Study Program – General Medicine
The subject Anatomy, Histology and Embryology is taught in the first two semesters of the MD master's study program – General Medicine. Teaching includes lectures, practicals and two blocks of dissections.
Principles of the construction of the individual parts of the human body, organs and organ systems, their detailed macroscopical and microscopical anatomy, embryology, including developmental defects, with emphasis on their topographical relationships, function and clinical significance, including anatomical, histological and embryological nomenclature and terminology. Latin as well English nomenclature and terminology are the official medium of communication. (Schedule)
Winter semester: locomotor and circulatory systems and topography of extremities.
Summer semester: Internal organ systems, nervous system and topography of the head, neck and trunk.
The education cycle consists of sequence starting from: Introductory and theoretical background in the form of lectures. It is followed (usually next week) by practicals (practical training) on specimens and seminary discussions in the form of group lessons. Then, enclosing the training cycle towards the end of the semester, anatomical knowledge is applied practically in the form of dissection rotation.
Lectures: Three 90-minutes lectures per week. First and Second faculty cooperate collectively in this teaching component concenring anatomy. The main contents of the lectures is to acquaint students with the subject matter and a detailed description of anatomical structures, their topographical relationships, internal structure and development with emphasis on functional and clinical contexts, including developmental defects. Our aim is to discuss the topic first in a lecture, and then in practical lessons. Attendance is optional but highly recommended. Some lecturers are also examiners in the final exam, so students can get the best picture of the scope of the required curriculum in the lectures. (Lectures PDFs & PDFs)
Practical classes: Two 135-minutes practical per week (one in anatomy and and one in histology). The main contents of the practical lessons is a clear demonstration of organs and structures and their topographical relationships, their detailed internal structure (using histological specimens), including developmental aspects and emphasis on clinical contexts. They provide the bridging from theoretical knowledge into practical comprehension of concepts. Each practical lesson is led by an assistant professor along with assisting junior lecturers (doctors or senior students) in small circuits. Seminary presentations and specimens demonstrations plus open discussions will take place within each session. In addition, students will undergo basic clinical relevant training as applicable of palpation and imaging methods observations. (Groups teachers)
Dissection training: One week block per semester. Provide in practice the grasping of topographical anatomy. Students will carry on tasks of dissections and structural observations semi-independently under the guidance of demonstrators. (Dissection Course Information)
- Lab coat/gown, lab shoes (or disposable shoe covers), and gloves. Outdoor footwear is strictly forbidden. Note: No shorts/skirts are allowed due to dissection room safety cautions.
- Badge name card. Follow group leader arrangement and subgroup divisions.
- Anatomical forceps. Students are required to observe specimens thoroughly.
- Microscope room. Each student will be assigned a working station.
- Atlases, figures, schemes as a guide are recommended.
Rules and Safety Precautions
Prosection specimens came from human body donors under ethical regulations for education and research purposes, utmost respect and professional attitude are required throughout on-specimens training. Taking photos or video recording of those specimens is STRICTLY PROHIBITED. (Full List of Rules)
Students are required to comply with lab safety and precautions:
- Anatomy labs are hazardous zones. Formaldehyde is classified as a probable carcinogen, and it is teratogenic. Therefore, NO FOOD, NO DRINKS in dissection room. PREGNANT FEMALES ARE NOT ALLOWED inside dissection rooms. Preserve your clothing and study materials from formaldehyde contact.
- It is save to touch the tissues without gloves. Proper hand washing after work is highly advised.
- Formaldehyde can rarely cause mild allergies. If so, minimize contact by wearing a mask and not touching wet specimens by bare hand.
Requirements for passing the Subject
Assessment evaluations are carried on in the form of written tests and/or oral examinations after each teaching unit in anatomy, histology and embryology. Credits are obtained by fulfilling the attendance and passing all single tests. Students have to pass the credits of both semesters to be eligible to take the final exam. The final exam determines the outcome of the subject. (Test Organization), (Test Topics), (Credits Conditions), (Final Examination)
Individual study plan and special requirements
Students with special needs/disability or require specific conditions must discuss their circumstances with the head of the Department of Anatomy and provide the proper approval documentations by the Dean’s office within a month of the beginning of the studies. DEADLINE: October 30.
Student requesting recognition of credits or exams can find more information on the faculty website.
Head of subject: prof. David Kachlík, MD PhD
Personal responsible for English parallel teaching: Anatomy – Martin Salaj, MD PhD. and Azzat Al-Redouan, MD. Histology & Embryology – MUDr. Jiří Uhlík, Ph.D.