Textbooks & References

Textbooks and References 

Students need to obtain a comprehensive set of a study source which includes:

  1. A comprehensive textbook in anatomy, histology and in embryology with medical orientation. Extended and detailed textbook that explain concepts thoroughly and gives basic foundation into clinical application, e.g. Gray’s anatomy (not ‘Gray's for students’).
  2. A framework guidance textbook. Short summarized point by point layout of required information for repetition, e.g. Memorix anatomy.
  3. An atlas. Rich in illustrations of anatomical structures. Illustrate complex and simple figures both systemically and regionally, with proper terminological labelling, e.g. Atlas of Human Anatomy.
  4. A dissection manual atlas. Simple illustrated schematic or photographic topography as your guidance in navigating structures during dissection course, e.g. Human Gross Anatomy.
  5. Supplementary materials including posted presentations of lectures by your teachers. Reliable online visual aids of videos and 3D presentations e.g. Anatomyka. Your own constructed notes during your lectures and seminars participations. (study materials)

We strongly recommend our students to select from the given advised list.

NOTE: essential versions of anatomy textbooks usually do not include neuroanatomy, in which you are required to obtain additional textbook for neuroanatomy. In case of considering out of the listed textbooks: Consult one of your teaching staff to avoid non-efficient textbooks not matching the standards of our curriculum.


Compulsory literature – textbooks:

Standring, S.: Gray's Anatomy: The Anatomical Basis of Clinical Practice. Elsevier Churchill Livingstone, 2021
or Williams, P. L.: Gray's Anatomy, Churchill Livingstone, 1999 (any edition from 37st to 42th)

Hudák, R., Kachlík, D., Volný, O.: Memorix Anatomy. 2nd edition, Triton, 2015

Mescher, A. L.: Junqueira’s Basic Histology. 16th ed., McGraw-Hill, 2021.

Balko, J., Tonar, Z., Varga, I. a kol.: Memorix Histology. 1st edition, Triton, 2018

Moore, K., Persaud T.V.N, Torchia, M.G.: The Developing Human: Clinically Oriented Embryology: 11th ed., Elsevier Health Sciences, 2019

Sadler, T. W.: Langman's Medical Embryology. 14th ed., Wolters Kluwer, 2019.


Recommended literature – textbooks:

Moore, K. L.: Clinically Oriented Anatomy. 7th edition, Wolters Kluwer Lippincott Williams and Wilkins, 2013.

Crossman, Neary: Neuroanatomy, An Illustrated Colour Text, 5th edition, Churchill Livingstone 2014.

Nolte, J. The Human Brain. 7th edition, Mosby, 2016.

Mtui, E.: Clinical neuroanatomy and neuroscience. 7th ed., Elsevier, 2016 

Snell, R. S.: Clinical Anatomy by Systems. Lippincott Williams and Wilkins, 2007.

Snell, R. S.: Clinical Neuroanatomy. 7th edition, Wolters Kluwer Lippincott Williams and Wilkins, 2010.

Brodal, P.: Anatomy of the Human Central Nervous System. Oxford University Press, 1998.

Pawlina, W. (former Ross, M. H., Pawlina, W.): Histology: a Text and Atlas, 8th ed., Wolters Kluwer, 2019 (or older edition).

Lowe, J. S.: Stevens and Lowe's Human Histology. 4th ed., Elsevier, 2015.

Carlson, B. M.: Human Embryology and Developmental Biology. 6th ed., Elsevier, 2019.

Schoenwolf, G. et al.: Larsen's Human Embryology, 6th ed., Elsevier, 2020


Recommended literature – atlases:

Grim M, Naňka O, Helekal I: Atlas of Human Anatomy (2 volumes I and II), 1st ed., Grada 2014, 2017 

Nolte, J. The Human Brain in Photographs and Diagrams. 5th ed. Elsevier, 2019.

Putz, R., Pabst, R.: Sobotta Atlas of Human Anatomy. 15th edition, Elsevier Urban and Fischer, 2014.

Rohen, J. W.; Yokochi, Ch.; Lütjen-Drecoll, E.: Anatomy: A Photografic atlas. 8th edition, Wolters Kluwer, 2015.

Michael Schünke, Lawrence M. Ross, Erik Schulte, Edward D. Lamperti, Udo Schumacher: Thieme Atlas of Anatomy: General Anatomy and Musculoskeletal System. Thieme Medical Publishers Inc. 2015. (English or Latin)

Michael Schuenke, Erik Schulte, Udo Schumacher: Thieme Atlas of Anatomy: Neck and Internal Organs. Thieme Medical Publishers Inc. 2016. (English or Latin)

Michael Schünke, Lawrence M. Ross, Erik Schulte, Edward D. Lamperti, Udo Schumacher: Thieme Atlas of Anatomy: Head and Neuroanatomy. Thieme Medical Publishers Inc. 2016. (English or Latin)


Recommended literature – dissection manual/atlases:

Olinger, B. A.; Human Gross Anatomy. Wolters Kluwer, 2015.

David A. Morton, Kerry D. Peterson, Kurt H. Albertine; Gray's Dissection Guide for Human Anatomy. 2nd edition. Churchill Livingstone Elsevier, 2007.

Stingl, J. Grim, M. Druga, R. Regional Anatomy; Karolinum Galen, 2010.

Patrick W. Tank, John Charles Boileau Grant; Grants Dissector. 15th edition. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, 2012.

Recommended literature – advanced dissection manual atlas for demonstrators and lecturers: 

Loukas M, et all. Gray's Clinical Photographic Dissector of the Human Body. 2nd ed. Elsevier, 2013.


Recommended applications

Anatomyka – the most detailed 3D anatomical atlas in the world in English and Czech language with English and Latin terminology

Memorix Anatomy QUIZ – an anatomy revision app with over 15,000 questions

Memorix Histology QUIZ – a histology revision app with over 7,000 questions

PracticeAnatomy.com – online anatomy practice tailored to the knowledge of specific students

Online Anatomy Dictionary – online dictionary with English, Latin Czech and Slovak terminology according to Terminologia Anatomica


Recommended literature – other languages


Čihák, R.: Anatomie I., II., III., Praha: Grada, 2011–2016. (Czech)

Druga, R., Grim, M., Dubový, P.: Anatomie Centrálního Nervového Systému, Praha: Galén Karolinum, 2011. (Czech)

Rastislav Druga, Miloš Grim, Karel Smetana: Anatomie periferního nervového systému, smyslových orgánů a kůže,  Praha: Galén Karolinum, 2013. (Czech)


Erik Schulte, Udo Schumacher, Michael Schünke: PROMETHEUS Allgemeine Anatomie und Bewegungssystem. Thieme. 2018.  (German)

Erik Schulte, Udo Schumacher, Michael Schünke: PROMETHEUS Innere Organe. 2018.  (German)

Michael Schünke, Erik Schulte, Udo Schumacher: PROMETHEUS Kopf, Hals und Neuroanatomie. 2018.  (German)


Students are required to navigate through their chosen sources to gain comprehensive overview. Meaning detailed advanced information can be skipped; on the other hand, missing information from one source must be searched in other sources. Few contradictions and errors are commonly encountered in medical field textbooks due to the nature of its difficulty and dynamically revolving knowledge.  In such cases, it is the student's responsibility to provide accurate information during examinations. Ambiguity are cleared by following what is presented in the lectures conducted by the professors and by being active in discussing concepts with us during classes and consultations.

Anatomy is a wide subject and it has its integrations with all preclinical and clinical subjects. All these basic overlapping information are required and can only be understood by extensive reading and active analysis of textbooks contents.

Created: 2. 10. 2018 / Modified: / Responsible person: MUDr. Azzat Al-Redouan.